Citroen - DS
After 18 years of development in secret as the successor to the venerable Traction Avant, the DS 19 was introduced on October 5, 1955 at the Paris Motor Show. The car's appearance and innovative engineering captured the imagination of the public and the automobile industry almost overnight. In the first 15 minutes of the show 743 orders were taken, and orders for the first day totalled 12,000. Far from being just a fascinating technology in search of a purpose, contemporary journalists were effusive in noting how the DS dramatically pushed the envelope in the ride vs. handling compromise possible in a motor vehicle. To a France still deep in reconstruction after the devastation of World War II, and also building its identity in the post-colonial world, the DS motor car was a symbol of French ingenuity.  It defied virtually every automotive design convention of that era.   

 

It also posited the nation's relevance in the Space Age, during the global race for technology of the Cold War. Structuralist philosopher Roland Barthes, in an essay about the car, said that it looked as if it had "fallen from the sky".

FranceGermanyHolland - the NetherlandsSouth Africa
France
Citroen DS-click for a larger picture
Citroen DS 1973
Citroen DSuper5
Location
Le Bourg, Vanzay
County
Poitou-Charentes
click here to go to Gites in Charente
Number of persons:5 Luggage:2 large Minimum driver age:25 Gearbox:manual  5 speedPower steering: power assisted rack and pinion
Citroen DS-click for a larger picture
Citroen DS 1973
Citroen DS 23ie
Location
Le Bourg, Vanzay
County
Poitou-Charentes
click here to go to Gites in Charente
Number of persons:5 Luggage:2 large Minimum driver age:25 Gearbox:auto  4 speed semi automaticPower steering: power assisted rack and pinion Leather interior: Black leather interior Audio: radio cd
Citroen DS -click for a larger picture
Citroen DS  1972
Citroen DS
Location
Allex
County
Rhone-Alpes, France
click here to go to Nostalgie Randonnee
Number of persons:4 Luggage: 2 large + 2 small Available only with chauffeur:chauffeur Chauffeur drive onlyGearbox:manual Power steering: Leather interior: Audio:radio
Germany
Citroen DS -click for a larger picture
Citroen DS  1971
Citroen DS 20 Pallas
Location
Berlin
County
Germany
click here to go to Classic Depot
Number of persons:4 Luggage: 2 large + 2 small Minimum driver age:25 Gearbox:manual Power steering: Leather interior: Audio:radio
Citroen DS -click for a larger picture
Citroen DS  1970
Citroen DS 20
Location
Forsten b. Munich
County
Bavaria, Germany
click here to go to Oldie Garage - South Bavaria
Number of persons:4 Luggage: 2 large + 2 small Minimum driver age:25 Gearbox:manual 4 Speed ManualPower steering: Audio:radio
Holland - the Netherlands
Citroen DS-click for a larger picture
Citroen DS 1971
Citroen DS
Location
Ootmarsum
County
Twente
click here to go to Nostalgisch Rijden NL
Number of persons:4 Luggage:2 large Minimum driver age:25 Gearbox:manual Power steering: Audio:radio
South Africa
Citroen DS -click for a larger picture
Citroen DS  1963
Citroen DS 20
Location
Cape Town
County
South Africa
click here to go to Motor Classic
Number of persons:4 Luggage: 2 large + 2 small Minimum driver age:25 Gearbox:manual Power steering: Audio:radio
The high price tag, however, hurt general sales in a country still recovering from World War II 10 years earlier, and a cheaper submodel, the ID (another pun: in French, Idée, or Idea), was introduced in 1957. The ID shared the same body with the DS, but had more traditional features under the hood. It had no power steering (though this was added as an option later), and instead of the hydraulically controlled manual transmission and clutch, it had a conventional clutch and transmission.

 

Interestingly, the first model series was called 11D, a clear reminder of the last model of the Traction Avant, the 11C. Throughout its model lifetime, the DS managed to remain ahead of its time.  It featured power disc brakes, a hydropneumatic suspension including an automatic levelling system and variable ground clearance, power steering and a semi-automatic transmission, and a fiberglass roof which reduced weight transfer.  Inboard front brakes (as well as an independent suspension) reduced unsprung weight. Different front and rear track widths and tire sizes reduced the understeer typical of front-engined and front-wheel drive cars.  

  

As with all French cars, the DS design was affected by the tax horsepower system, which effectively mandated very small engines. Unlike the Traction Avant predecessor, there was no top-of-range model with a powerful six cylinder engine. Despite the rather leisurely acceleration afforded by its small four-cylinder engine, the DS was successful in motorsports like rallying, where sustained speeds on poor surfaces are paramount, and won the Monte Carlo Rally in 1959 and 1966.  

 

The DS placed fifth on Automobile Magazine "100 Coolest Cars" listing in 2005.

 

Source: Wikipedia.
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